evidence to link the Gutekunst
Wouldn't it be fascinating to know that all Gutekunsts descent
form one individual? ...and that the three non-related Gutekunst
lines that appear in close-by villages in the Black Forest in
the late 1500s are in reality one and the same family?
There is a quite simple way to prove, if the assumption
of a common origin is correct or not. I have used this method
to connect different Gatter family lines (14 volunteers so far)
(click here to see the Gatter
DNA project and the project of my fellow Gatter-researcher
does it work?
From elementary genetics we learn that the 23rd chromosome
is the "sex" determining chromosome. Males have both an "X" and a "Y"
23rd chromosome. Females do not carry such a "Y", but have two "X" instead
for their 23rd chromosome. The human egg becomes a female embryo if
the male sperm carries an X-chromosome and a male embryo when the sperm
has a Y-chromosome. Thus the Y-chromosome is passed down from generation
to generation only through the male line. You might want to read an
article about the Y-chromosome.
Several recent projects have reported on the use of the
Y chromosome to trace and analyze surnames. Reuters issued a news release
in early 2000 entitled, "Gene test helps scientist trace family names".
In the article, Bryan Sykes of Oxford University was able to demonstrate,
using DNA test results from a random sampling of 250 men with the Sykes
surname, that they came from a common ancestor. Another fairly famous
case involves the question as to whether or not President
Thomas Jefferson fathered any slave children by Sally Hemings. The
results clearly showed that one of her sons had a Jefferson Y chromosome,
either from Thomas or one of his near relatives. A third study involves
Jewish men who are kohanim, a Hebrew word literally meaning "priests".
During the time of the First and Second Temples and up until the latter's
destruction in 70 AD, the kohanim were responsible for performing elaborate
rituals of animal sacrifices and grain offerings. Based on a study of
306 Jewish men in Israel, Canada and England, the researchers discovered
that the 106 Jews who had identified themselves as kohanim shared genetic
markers in their Y-chromosomes that members of the general Jewish population
||DNA testing will not help in genealogy if the family
name was at one point passed on by a woman (e.g. if she had a child
born out of wedlock). The child might have inherited this family's
name, but not its "Y" chromoseme, but the one of its biological
father. DNA testing will also not help if there was an unknown case
of adoption down the line, or if one ancestor was the product of
infidelity or rape. Again, he might have carried the family name,
but he did not carry the family's "Y" chromosome.
X and Y chromosome
The proof that DNA testing in privately funded family genealogy
works and is not only a utopian dream, is the "Mumma
Surname DNA Project" which has inspired this Gatter project.
There are several laboratories carrying out such test. From the
experience of the Mumma
Surname DNA Project the Family Tree DNA, Inc. proved
to be the most reliable and cheapest choice.
DNA analysis in a Lab
Extracting DNA is very easy. No blood is needed. Special cotton
scrapers are used to rub the inside tissue of the mouth, more
or less like a little tooth brush. This does not hurt.
To the right you see a "DNA extraction kit" as we use
it for our Gatter DNA research. The test kit consists of two cheek
scrapers and two collection tubes---designed for a single persons
use. Each tube contains a fluid designed to arrest bacteria growth,
so you can scrape your cheek and return your kit in any type of
weather (hot or cold). The freshness of your sample will remain
intact for months.
If you sign up to participate in the Gutekunst DNA project such
a DNA extraction kit will be sent to you by mail along with a
short manual on how to use it.
DNA Extraction Kit used for the Gutekunst
me at my email
if you are interested in participating. Then
I will sent you my Gatter DNA report as an example.
you want to sign up you can also directly go to the Gutekunst
DNA Project on webpage of Family Tree DNA and order your test
a start one participant for each of the three main lines (Oberschwandorf,
is sufficient. You would however need to be a male Gutekunst,
and be able to trace your line back to one of these 3 German lines
in a uniterupted male linage (son, father, grandfather, great
grandfather, and so on, all need to have carried the Gutekunst
name). If the name was once passed on by a woman (e.g. child born
out of wedlock), it will not work. Of course also Gutekunst descendants
with the name Goodart or Goodykoontz can take part.
to the main Gutekunst page
Gutekunst Archive 2000-2008
Any distribution and use of material displayed on the Gutekunst Genealogy
other than for personal purposes will be prosecuted.